These are warm-up exercises that may be used before any other ABC or Have-a-Ball exercise. They include pulse-raising and mobilisation exercises.


  • Begin with moderate exercises such as walking or light jogging before moving on to more intense activity
  • Incorporate mobilisation exercises at regular intervals between the pulse raising exercises
  • Include movement in different directions and in as many different ways as possible, e.g. jogging, hopping, sideways, backwards etc
  • Mobilise the shoulders, the knees, the ankles and fingers

Key Points

  • Gradually increase the intensity of the activity¬†
  • Include a moderate version of activities to be performed later in the session


  • An inventory of equipment to support ABC exercises is available in the Resources section